Citing your Sources in MLA Style

Citing your Sources in MLA Style

Your bibliography ought to be alphabetized by writer name that is last. For works which do not have an author, alphabetize by product name (omitting articles like «a» or «the»). Your bibliography should also be formatted making use of indents that are hanging.

Book or Report

The Bible. Authorized King James Variation, Oxford UP, 1998.

Dorris, Michael, and Louise Erdrich. The Crown of Columbus. HarperCollins Publishers, 1999.

Fagih, Ahmed Ibrahim al-. The Singing of the Movie Stars. Translated by Leila El Khalidi and Christopher Tingley. Quick Arabic has: An Anthology, modified by Salma Khadra Jayyusi, Interlink Books, 2003, pp. 140-57.

Johnson, Roberta. Gender and Nation into the Spanish Modernist Novel. Vanderbilt UP, 2003.

Chapter in A guide

Copeland, Edward. “Money.” The Cambridge Companion to Jane Austen, Edited by Copeland and Juliet McMaster, Cambridge UP, 1997, pp. 131-48.

Poe, Edgar Allan. «The Masque of this Red Death.» The entire Works of Edgar Allan Poe, edited by James A. Harrison, vol. 4, Thomas Y. Crowell, 1902, pp. 250-58. HathiTrust Digital Library, >

Journal Article

Piper, Andrew. “Rethinking the Print Object: Goethe as well as the Book of Everything.” PMLA, vol. 121, no. 1, Jan. 2006, pp. 124-38. JSTOR,

Newspaper Articles

Dwyer, Jim. “Yeats matches the Digital Age, packed with Passionate Intensity.” Ny days, early that is ed and Leisure sec., 20 July 2008, pp. 1+.

Book Reviews

Mackin, Joseph. Overview of The Pleasures of Reading in a day and time of Distraction, by Alan Jacomb. Nyc Journal of Books, 2 2011, 222 june.

Magazine Articles

Weintraub, Arlene, and Laura Cohen. “A Thousand-Year Plan for Nuclear Spend.” Business Week, 6 May 2002, pp. 94-96.

Note that in this instance, the optional initial date of book is roofed, in addition to a few individuals within the Other Contributors category. That person might be placed in the writer position, like therefore: «Capra, Frank, director. if perhaps you were learning a person from the work»

It’s A wonderful life. 1946. Directed by Frank Capra, Efficiency by James Stewart et that is al, 2001.

Television Episodes

Whether you choose to put the episode manager into the writer position or maybe not depends upon the show as well as your utilization of the show in your writing. The director for each episode may take on authorial importance, otherwise the creator or director of the series as a whole may be placed in the author position if the show features episodes with distinct story lines or dramatic styles. If nobody takes authorial importance for the work, spot the title of this episode into the position that is first.

Bernstein, Adam director. «Hazard Pay.» Breaking Bad, season 5, episode 3, High Bridge Productions et al., 29 Jul 2012.

«Hush.» Buffy the Vampire Slayer, developed by Joss Whedon, performance by Sarah Michelle Geller, period 4, episode 10, Mutant Enemy, 1999.

Federal Government papers ( start to how to create a website see the design manual at web page 104)

Cite them like publications, guide chapters, webpages, etc, depending on perhaps the product you might be citing is just a thing that is singlebook/report), a portion of the larger thing (guide chapter), or web-based thing (webpages). Sometimes you will see particular individuals called as writers, however whenever this is simply not the case, utilize the title regarding the organization or agency in charge of book.

Begin the entry because of the true name regarding the federal government, accompanied by a comma while the title regarding the agency. By the end associated with entry for the congressional book, you’ll optionally are the quantity and session of Congress, and additionally they type and number of this publication. (The MLA Handbook especially recommends following Chicago Manual of Style if you utilize numerous federal government magazines and need specialized citation guidance.)

Britain, Ministry of Agriculture, Fisheries, and Food. Our Countryside, the Future: A Fair Contract for Rural England. Her Majesty’s Stationery Workplace, 2000.

Un. Consequences of Rapid Population Development in Developing Nations. Taylor and Francis, 1991.

United states of america, Congress, House, Permanent Choose Committee on Intelligence. Al-Qaeda: The Countless Faces of a Islamist Extremist Threat. National Printing Workplace, 2006. 109th Congress, second session, House Report 615.

Personal Interviews

List the person (last name first), followed closely by «Personal Interview» and then the date for the interview

Smith, Jane. Individual interview. 19 May 2014.

Interview or sound Commentary for a DVD

Observe that into the example that is first name is in quotation markings because this is the title the writer provided it. Into the 2nd and 3rd examples the interview had no provided title, so we present a short description without quotation markings alternatively.

Blanchett, Cate. «In Character with: Cate Blanchett.» Records on a Scandal, Directed by Richard Eyre, Fox Searchlight, 2006.

Olivier, Laurence. Interview by Kenneth Tynan. Richard III, Directed by Laurence Olivier, 2004, The Criterion Collection,

Verbinski, Gore and Johnny Depp. Sound Commentary. Pirates for the Caribbean: The Curse of this Ebony Pearl, Buena Vista home theatre, 2004.

Live Performances

Aristophanes. Directed by Barbara Karger and Michael Preston, 20 April 2006, Goodwin Theater, Austin Arts Center, Hartford.

Image or Artwork

In the event that you see it first hand, the positioning may be the real precise location of the work. If you see a reproduction, proceed with the rules that are standard Containers.

In the event your image doesn’t have title, provide a description that is brief of item into the name location. Usually do not add quote marks or italicize this description.

DaVinci, Leonardo. Mona Lisa. 1503?, Louvre Museum, Paris.

DaVinci, Leonado. Mona Lisa. 1503?, Wikipedia,,_by_Leonardo_da_Vinci,_from_C2RMF_retouched.jpg.

Image of pet. 2016,

Work with a string

Clowes, Daniel. David Boring. Eightball, no. 19, Fantagraphics, 1998.

Twitter, Twitter, YouTube, etc

Each bibliographic entry in MLA design is made on a single axioms, with little variation from book type to book type.

Each cited work has common elements placed in the order that is following the punctuation listed with this chart. Functions are posted as solitary devices, but most are held in «Containers» (like an essay or poem in a written guide, or an episode of a television show, or articles in a magazine). If information about an element is not available, skip the element and proceed to the following.

Below are a few helpful examples:

Utilizing the Fundamental Elements

Authors are grasped extremely broadly. You add a descriptive label like so: Pitt, Brad, performer if you are concentrating on the work of a particular actor in a movie, that actor is the Author, and. The first author followed by «et al. if you have 3 or more authors, list»

Titles of sources are italicized in the event that supply is really a complete thing unto it self (a book, play, or film). Titles are enclosed in quote marks in the event that supply is section of a bigger posted thing (a poem in a group, an episode of A tv program, articles in a log). The title of a container is nearly always italicized for this reason. When there is no title, put in a description that is brief of work but don’t utilize italics or quote markings.

Other Contributors may be noted if they’re vital that you your projects. Precede each true name or band of names by having a description such as «adapted by» or «edited by.» If the individuals part must certanly be in noun kind, do so followed closely with a comma like in «general editor, Edwin H. Cady.» If the factor had been vital that you the source but not the container, place this factor information involving the Title regarding the supply as well as the Title of the Container.

Variations are sometimes essential, such as for example «8th ed» for this variation regarding the MLA Handbook.

Numbers relate to issue and volume numbers on publications and periodicals. Utilize «vol.» and «no.» for «volume» and «number.»

Publisher identifies the organization that made the source/container open to the general public. Host to book is not any longer detailed as of the edition that is 8th except in special circumstances (see web web page 51). Multiple writers which are similarly accountable are typical detailed, divided with a slash that is forward. «University Press» is abbreviated to «UP.» Publishers are perhaps not detailed for the following forms of sources:

  • periodicals (journals, publications, papers)
  • Works published by their writers or editors
  • Websites that have games essentially the just like their publishers’ names
  • Sites maybe perhaps not taking part in creating the ongoing works it creates available ( such as for example a solution like, or an archive like JSTOR). If the articles associated with the web site are organized into a whole that is unifiedjust like YouTube or JSTOR), the website is detailed early in the day as being a Container name.

Author: pto